I am an Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Toronto, where I have taught since 2011. My research focuses on philosophical issues in the semantics of natural language, often extending to cognate issues in meta-ethics and formal epistemology.

My published work defends a version of what you could call Anti-Representationalism as the best theory of a range of constructions in natural language — I am especially interested in imperatives, modality, and conditionals. You can take a look at my research page to get a better idea of what I'm working on now. 

I wrote a dissertation on imperatives, under the supervision of Allan Gibbard, at the University of Michigan, where I studied from 2006 to 2011.

My undergraduate degree is from the University of Nebraska — Lincoln, where I was taught by Mark van Roojen and Al Casullo.



I grew up in the Gifford Park area of Omaha, Nebraska.

My twin brother Simon is a professor of linguistics at Rutgers.

I live in Toronto with my partner (Katharine) and our animals (Milo and Rori).